You can think of SHA-256 as the successor of SHA-1, so pick the latter if available on your database version. While this post attempts to cover some of the most important quick wins you can achieve to secure your MongoDB instances, there is much more to MongoDB security. The second A in AAA means authorization. Tip:  Auditing is an expensive operation and will impact performance, be sure that you’re getting value from it and your IT Compliance team is able to actively use it, before setting it up. If security is configured for a mongod instance, authentication is required for a client to access the http interface from another machine. As this can be addressed with database authentication (more on this on 4. Security related information and configuration guidance. MongoDB provides various features, such as authentication, access control, encryption, to secure your MongoDB deployments. ¶. But the main reason for the success of these hacks is that most organizations are in the habit of using default database presets rather than configuring their installations personally. The frequency and severity of data breaches continues to escalate year on year, with researchers estimating attacks increasing nearly 50% year on year. Marketing Blog, Find ways to implement authentication, authorization, and accounting (. Next, add a user on the $external database using the obtained subject string like in the example below: Finally, connect to the database with the arguments for TLS, certificates location, CA file location, authentication database, and the authentication mechanism. mongo --tls --tlsCertificateKeyFile , --tlsCAFile  --authenticationDatabase '$external'. We're the creators of MongoDB, the most popular database for modern apps, and MongoDB Atlas, the global cloud database on AWS, Azure, and GCP. Before version 2.6.0, that wasn’t true. Documentation can be found here. He is AWS and Azure certified. Only used for transitioning between disabled to requireTLS in a rolling restart fashion. If you wish to enable Atlas clusters with LDAP authentication and authorization, you must allow network access from Atlas clusters directly to your secure LDAP.You can allow access to your LDAP by using public or private IPs as long as a public DNS hostname points to … To configure default settings for one of the above notification options, click Integrations under Projects in the sidebar. MongoDB has a set of built-in roles and allows us to create new ones. We have explained how to use TLS certificates on 4. As with any database platform, MongoDB security is of paramount importance to keeping your data safe. In this blog post, we’ve gone over five important MongoDB configuration options to ensure you have a more secure MongoDB deployment as well as some other configuration options that help the five keep your data secure. To perform remote connections to the database, specify the --bind_ip. In most of the MongoDB deployments, the default configurations of the balancer process are sufficient enough for normal operations. Authorization), make sure to restrict root and other shell access to people who can't do their jobs without it. For example, if we only wanted to have an audit log entry created every time someone created or removed a collection, we would set the auditLog.Filter as such: If we wanted to audit everyone with a specific role, we could set the auditFilter as such: Additional required configuration options for auditing are: Finally, while auditing is important to track and log activity in your database, including accessing PII or other sensitive data, you don’t want to expose PII in your auditing or other log files. Like so: docker run -d -e MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_USERNAME= -e, MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_PASSWORD= mongo:4.4. To test the connection to mongo shell, type in: mongo --tls --host --tlsCertificateKeyFile. Any running MongoDB instance on which you have full access will do. Feeling nervous about your MongoDB instances now? In this post, you'll learn a few details about MongoDB deployment vulnerabilities and security mechanisms. For instance, use IP whitelisting to allow access from trusted IP addresses (see ) Data analysts need to read database data and applications also need to read and (almost always) write data as well. System Access You can add another layer of network security by creating a dedicated network segment for databases, in which you apply an ACL (access list) in the router and/or switch configuration. Transport encryption keeps your data encrypted while it is sent to and from your application to MongoDB. Below, you can find a JavaScript code snippet showing data encryption and decryption happening on MongoDB’s NodeJS driver with the help of the npm package mongodb-client-encryption. As a result, the database will only listen to local connections. To enable authentication, follow the procedure below. We’ll show you five configuration options, as well as others that are required to go along with them, for your MongoDB deployment that will help keep your data secure while allowing use by users and applications with least-privileged access using modern authentication methods, keeping your data encrypted on disk and over the wire, and to see who is accessing your data as well. MongoDB supports the use of any server SSL certificate as long as the corresponding root CA certificate is provided with the configuration parameter —sslCAFile. Standalone or replica set, containerized or … To ensure the security of your MongoDB Agents, Ops Manager hosts, and MongoDB deployments, Ops Manager supports the following security options. Hardening Document for MongoDB Security Configuration . ... For security it is better to enable other mechanisms such as creating database users that have specific roles and access to database with credentials. MongoDB Atlas offers built-in security controls for all your data. Edit the configuration file to enable auth. We hope that these configuration options will help you build more secure MongoDB deployments and avoid being a statistic of a data breach. MySQL, InnoDB, MariaDB and MongoDB are trademarks of their respective owners. Auditing shows you when users connected, when privileges were changed, various admin events, users attempt something they shouldn’t, etc. MongoDB uses a configuration file in the YAML file format. Do not neglect human usability convenience. There are two approaches to solve that and both can be used simultaneously. Configure Audit Filters; System Event Audit Messages; Network and Configuration Hardening. Download “Using Open Source Software to Ensure the Security of Your MongoDB Database”. Using Vault to Store the Master Key for Data at Rest Encryption on Percona Server for MongoDB. Note that the user MongoDB is running as must have read-only or read/write level permissions on the keyfile, with no permissions granted to other users. In part 2, we will closely examine some common configuration mistakes and security pitfalls based on a number of existing MongoDB deployments and users. Encryption at Rest keeps your data safe from an external party who might get a copy of your data files as they’ll be completely unreadable in their encrypted form. requireTLS – signifies that all traffic, regardless of origin, is encrypted. 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