David Skelton, Kathryn MacCallum, and Kim Hagen-Hall are recognized as peer reviewers from 2012, who have also reviewed in 2019. This also holds for artificial intelligence: driverless cars could make our lives easier and save human lives, but complex computer algorithms can also cause the stock market to crash unexpectedly. originally appeared on Quora: the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people … Simulation and design of narrow-band SAW ladder-type filter. There are a multitude of areas in which AI applications are expected to lead to a sustainable development: Transportation (autonomous electric vehicles, avoiding traffic congestion, etc. In the midst of this emphasis on AI technology, Tanaka and Kimura (2010) pointed out that all technologies have strengths and weaknesses, and this makes it imperative for humans to identify the best possible methods to use them [8], while Nadimpalli (2017) stated that physical performance gains are the biggest benefit of AI technology. While many jobs will be created by artificial intelligence and many people predict a net increase in jobs or at least anticipate the same amount will be created to replace the ones that are lost thanks to AI technology, there will be jobs people do today that machines will take over. We then show that the generalised framework accommodates Tarskian logic instantiations extended with preferences, and then study instantiations of the framework by classical logic approaches to argumentation. %PDF-1.5 Outside of preparing for a future with super-intelligent machines now, artificial intelligence can already pose dangers in its current form. We conclude by arguing that ASPIC+ASPIC+ʼs modelling of defeasible inference rules further testifies to the generality of the framework, and then examine and counter recent critiques of Dungʼs framework and its extensions to accommodate preferences. Technology giants are investing heavily in regard to artificial intelligence, both at the scientific/engineering and also at the commercial and product development level. In our average-case model, we derive optimal functions under neutral (or impartial culture) distributional models. We study such optimal social choice functions under three different models, and underscore the important role played by scoring functions. Artificial intelligence, if not carefully analyzed, could have negative outcomes. Introduction. Editor: Emre Erturk. 1. Global Economic Impacts Associated with Artificial Intelligence Nicholas Chen, Lau Christensen, Kevin Gallagher, Rosamond Mate, Greg Rafert1 I. We use the term artificial agents to refer to devices and decisionmaking aids that rely on automated, data-driven, or algorithmic learning procedures (including artificial intelligence (AI) in its many manifestations).1 These include devices as banal as Roomba robots and online recommendation engines to How does artificial intelligence influence people’s level of motivation? . Loss of Certain Jobs. In our worst-case model, no assumptions are made about the underlying distribution and we analyze the worst-case distortion---or degree to which the selected alternative does not maximize social welfare---of optimal social choice functions. Overall, we achieved a classification quality (measured using AUC) of 80%. Also, for the stability purpose a structure including service platforms, analyzers and decision support systems are employed to analyze the enterprise and make better decisions. Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Automation, Nigeria, This is a copy of the 2019 Conference Proceedings available at https://www.citrenz.ac.nz/2019-proceedings/ AIDR is available at http://aidr.qcri.org/. Personal data sharing has become an important issue in public and private sectors of our society. worries-artificial-intelligence-is-a-threat/ (quoting Bill Gates, “I am in the camp that is concerned . 356 Harvard Journal of Law & Technology [Vol. Nigeria is a rapid growing population, which is considered to be the most populated country in Africa. Positive Outcomes. an Artificial Intelligence approach. Disproportional power and control over data. We motivate a revised definition of conflict free sets of arguments, adapt ASPIC+ASPIC+ to accommodate a broader range of instantiating logics, and show that under some assumptions, the resulting framework satisfies key properties and rationality postulates. While the risks from domain-specific AIs appear limited in the near future, there are … Despite recent excitement surrounding artificial intelligence (AI) technology and its potential to spur growth in the future, there is also concern that AI may have negative effects on labor, and articles in the public press frequently discuss the threat that AI may pose to workers.1 (�o��1����0� uʊ+��Z_5�Ga}8������>��A��@��m�w'< �}{pu�ѿp�t�v?�cӎh����gU���t@? Which is to say that the more difficult the analytic challenge, the more important it is to avoid or reduce bias. Autonomous agents acting in the real-world often operate based on models that ignore certain aspects of the environment. It is important that the risk associated with AI in Nigeria should be identified at its early stage. The survey is made up of two main logical parts: in the first part, we present the main characteristics of collaborative resources that make them attractive for AI and NLP research; in the second part, we present an overview of how these features have been exploited to tackle a variety of long-standing issues in the two fields, in particular the acquisition of large amounts of machine-readable knowledge, and its application to a wide range of tasks. << They apprehend that those data will be misused at the cost of their privacy jeopardising their human rights. Nevertheless, there are also fears connected to AI development, such as intelligent weapons, human replacement, cyber-attacks etc. Artificial intelligence has been around for a while, but recently it is taking on a life of its own, invading various segments of business, including finance. This study focuses on the attributes of serving robots, which include “anthropomorphism,” “animacy,” “likeability,” “intelligence,” and “safety,” and their effect on restaurant customers. Artificial intelligence is also being used to analyse vast amounts of molecular information looking for potential new drug candidates – a process that would take humans too long to … But we need to prepare for a future in which job loss reaches 99%. First the machines will do a lot of jobs for us and not be super intelligent. The incompleteness of any given model---handcrafted or machine acquired---is inevitable due to practical limitations of any modeling technique for complex real-world settings. Ponzetto, "Collaboratively built semi. Seamless experiences. stream This paper builds on the recent ASPIC+ASPIC+ formalism, to develop a general framework for argumentation with preferences. "Stephen Hawking: \'Transcendence looks at the implications of artificial intelligence-but are we taking AI Artificial Intelligence as a Positive and Negative Factor in Global Risk The effect of many cognitive biases has been found toincrease with time pressure, cognitive busyness, or sparse information. /Length 1440 31-36, 2014. Data is introduced … Stephen Hawking: \'Transcendence looks at the implications of artificial intelligence-but are we taking AI seriously enough. machine Intelligence and its potential impact on society. As developers create AI systems to take on these tasks, several risks and challenges emerge, including the risk of injuries to patients from AI system errors, the risk to patient privacy of data acquisition and AI inference, and more. We adopt a utilitarian perspective on social choice, assuming that agents have (possibly latent) utility functions over some space of alternatives. One way for enterprises to be successful in today's challenging market is to be agile and be flexible to handle market changes. From SIRI to self-driving cars, artificial intelligence (AI) is progressing rapidly. In this background, this article has taken an attempt to investigate how applications of AI and imposition of regulatory controls with appropriate governance can influence the impact of personal data sharing on the issues of human right abuses. Hawking, Stephen, et al. Recent years have seen a great deal of work that exploits collaborative, semi-structured content for Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Natural Language Processing (NLP). What are the risks and benefits of artificial intelligence? How that will balance out is anyone's guess and up for much debate and for many people to … Negative effects of AI. Discussion about misconceptions on artificial intelligence and impact on transforming customer engagement. Gerontechnology based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) will transform structures and practices of elderly care substantially. However an investment in AI is accompanied with long term implication on society. >> As artificial intelligence penetrates through the population, its role in aiding Nigeria’s development and growth in all sectors of the economy is bound to be significant. needs by adjusting parameters. As a result, the frequency of the ladder-type filter was 500 MHz, the pass-band decreased from 40 MHz to 15 MHz, the rectangular factor reduced from 1.6 to 1.3, the insertion loss increased with 0.5 dB. Research to ensure that artificial intelligence remains safe and beneficial. 4 THE IMPACT OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ON WORK Executive summary Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies are developing apace, with many potential benefits for economies, societies, communities and indi-viduals. An artificial superintelligence superior to that of humans can concur with a higher-hierarchy Kardashev civilization. �p�{х��5p��1aT�GiXT��u�G"$-���. To this end, the artificial intelligence field was ex­ amined in a systematic manner. Across sectors, AI technologies offer the promise of boosting productivity and creating new products and services. Using a conceptual and operational framework for improving the enterprise and keeping their desired situation, is always required. u�AjX�� ��L�d�025L�ɢ�@~�@{g�dm� �hy����ݸ�! 49 0 obj In this paper, we described and analyzed the potential challenges and opportunities for AI in Nigeria. AIDR enables humans and machines to work together to apply human intelligence to large-scale data at high speed. They will then research the role of artificial intelligence in today’s world in order to develop more informed opinions about the positive and/or negative effects of artificial intelligence on today’s society. According to Carl Sagan, the American astrophysicist, we are approaching an inevitable type-1 Kardashev civilized existence. Hawking, Stephen, et al. For ladder-type SAW filter, small k2 of piezoelectric substrate could reduce the width of pass-band, which resulted in decreasing the transform efficiency and increasing the insert loss. The study aims to provide a sustainable development model for the restaurant business, which is suffering from a shortage of manpower. Introduction Artificial intelligence (“AI”), a term first coined in 1956, is a branch of computer science that aims to create intelligent machines that work and react like humans.2 At the beginning . The results of the study revealed that artificial intelligence would have a huge impact on the economy of Nigeria. %���� Then electrical parameters were regulated to suit different customer. ), smart agriculture, medicine (monitoring and curing diseases, reducing diagnostic errors, etc. These big players have an unmatched advantage when compared to any ambitious competitor out there which is a symptom of data-oligarchic society. It also confirms that perceived benefits have a positive effect on perceived value, and perceived value has a positive effect on satisfaction and revisit intention. CITRENZ is in its 10th year, with the predecessor NACCQ going back 32 years. State of Artificial Intelligence (1/2): an old concept being revived by business opportunities 1 Overview 2 Applications • System that thinks and acts like humans and rationally (Russell& Norvig,2009) • NarrowAI: abilityto do selectedset of tasks • General AI: generalhumanintelligence • Super-intelligent AI: intelligence exceeding human capacity As artificial intelligence penetrates through the population, its role in aiding Nigeria’s development and growth in all sectors of the economy is bound to be significant. We analyzed opportunity that cuts across some sectors in the economy of Nigeria and also investigated possible solutions to tackle the challenges of AI in Nigeria. Serving Robots: Management and Applications for Restaurant Business Sustainability, Recent educational developments in Cyber Security, New Aspects on using Artificial Intelligence to Shape the Future of Entrepreneurs, Current Trends in Information Technology The "March of Progress": From Cosmic Singularity to Digital Singularity TOWARDS A TECHNOLOGICAL SINGULARITY, The “March of Progress”: From Cosmic Singularity to Digital Singularity, Technical and Humanities Students’ Perspectives on the Development and Sustainability of Artificial Intelligence (AI), ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, BETWEEN OPPORTUNITY AND CHALLENGE, Personal Data Sharing and Legal Issues of Human Rights in the Era of Artificial Intelligence: Moderating Effect of Government Regulation, Artificial Intelligence – Consumers and Industry Impact, AIDR: Artificial Intelligence for Disaster Response, Machine learning. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. In this context, one possible objective for a social choice function is the maximization of (expected) social welfare relative to the information contained in these rankings. Thanks to all the other reviewers and session chairs, who made for a great conference. "Stephen Hawking: \'Transcendence looks at the, Hovy, Eduard, R. Navigli, SP. AIDR has been successfully tested to classify informative vs. non-informative tweets posted during the 2013 Pakistan Earthquake. Panels at the 2019 Conference seriously enough?" However, as great as artificial intelligence may be, it still comes with its own set of problems. Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Humans Experts say the rise of artificial intelligence will make most people better off over the next decade, but many have concerns about how advances in AI will affect what it means to be human, to be productive and to exercise free will By Janna Anderson, Lee Rainie and Alex Luchsinger social context. This special issue of the Artificial Intelligence Journal presents a variety of state-of-the-art contributions, each of which illustrates the substantial impact that work on leveraging semi-structured content is having on AI and NLP as it continuously fosters new directions of cutting-edge research. Today the UK enjoys a position of AI innovation, so as we enter a crucial stage in its development and adoption, the country has a clear opportunity to be a world leader. The results indicate that there are statistically significant relationships between “likeability” and perceived benefits, “intelligence” and perceived benefits, “safety” and perceived benefits, and “safety” and perceived risks. /Filter /FlateDecode Therefore Istrongly In the latter case, we provide both algorithms and sample complexity results for the class of scoring functions, and further validate the approach empirically. Volume 2, Collaboratively built semi-structured content and Artificial Intelligence: The story so far, Optimal social choice functions: A utilitarian view, Artificial Intelligence: A Philosophical Introduction, A General Account of Argumentation and Preferences, What Computers Still Can't Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason. While science fiction often portrays AI as robots with human-like characteristics, AI can encompass anything from Googles search algorithms to IBMs Watson to autonomous weapons. In information and communication technologies (ICT), AI is used for analyzing patient health data, e.g. Benefits and risks of Artificial Intelligence. The study identifies the relationships among serving robots’ attributes, perceived benefits, perceived risks, perceived value, satisfaction, and revisit intention of customers. Artificial intelligence systems have shown the potential to im-prove clinicians’ interpretation and the subsequent decision-making process.13 The potential benefits of this capability, however, are offset by the widening of responsibility gaps and the additional risk of negative side-effects … Your mind may jump to something you’ve seen in a science fiction movie when you think about the negative impacts of AI – but the AI I’m talking about today is less overt in nature. What Is The Impact Of Artificial Intelligence (AI) On Society? Moreover, satisfaction has a positive effect on revisit intention. Negative Effects of Artificial Intelligence / None of the modern technologies are completely devoid of some negatives to its applications. Futuristic technological innovations mandate an acceleration in artificial intelligence and superintelligence. In 1964, Nikolai Kardashev proposed the Kardashev scale, a system for measuring the extent of technological advancement of a civilization based on the magnitude of energy consumption. https://www.citrenz.ac.nz/conferences/2019/pdf/2019CITRENZPACITN.pdf. There are also perceived risks, such as those related to the development of autonomous weapon systems, replacing human subjects, cyber-attacks, etc. The framework seeks for service oriented architecture (SOA) governance and suggests the initial architecture of the enterprise to support agility and optimality. In this paper, a service oriented decision support system-based framework is proposed. It is undeniable that negative effects of artificial intelligence on society are real, but even though artificial intelligence and robots have a lot of data, the conclusions they draw don’t necessarily reflect the real world. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a classic case of technology in jeopardy where a lot of ill-effects and apprehensions keep doing rounds. Recent AI Investments •2012 Foxconn-1 million robots •2013 Facebook – AI lab, DeepFace •2013 Yahoo-LookFlow •2013 Ebay – AI lab •2013 Allen Institute for AI •2013 Google– A total of 294 surveys were used for the final analysis. Negative effects of artificial intelligence: It’s expensive © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The study was divided into two parts: (1) Delineation of areas of artificial intelli­ gence, and postulatio" of hypothetical prod­ ucts resulting from progress in the field, and 2. Potential solution… Negative effects of artificial intelligence: Dystopian abnormality: Hollywood has been for a long time creating movies where the machine gets the better of human brain and destroys the planet. As with most changes in life, there will be positive and negative impacts on society as artificial intelligence continues to transform the world we live in. However, integrating artificial intelligence with humans, via brain-computer interface technologies, can be protective. Atomic energy, not meant for mass destruction by scientists who invented it, was abused by those who did not understand the capabilities of the new technology. Page 5 Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Engagement in a Mexican Perspective: Does Culture really matter? xڥWKo�6��W�H��oI{K�� �v�u{�e�"��������wȡb9�[�E�"���|M�FV��7�OF8�R��q�e:R��]}# �@�芥��5y&~g���kLj��x��k��a�� ), environmental protection (pollution reduction, resource optimization), constructions (intelligent buildings and green architecture), citizens' safety, etc. There is a highly influential annual conference: https://www.citrenz.ac.nz/proceedings-index/ This year, the event was held under the auspices of IT Professionals NZ (the largest body of IT professionals and educators), and it was part of the ITx mega-conference in Nelson New Zealand: https://itx.nz/CITRENZConference Dobrila Lopez and Samuel Mann have assisted with organising panels and student papers. However, data subjects are perceived to be always unwilling to share their data on security and privacy reasons. This scenario can be pessimistic, as digital superintelligence can render human-based activities obsolete. A simple artificial neural network is organised in layers. The Independent 2014, pp. “Without doubt, artificial intelligence can provide a great opportunity for British society and the economy. We know from some preliminary research we have conducted in Gugin Research Unit that it has a negative effect. When the given data provides for a chance of discrimination or of a misleading outcome, there is a high chance that it will, ... AI ensures that the organization have the ability to carry out a process of logistics. In Nigeria, AI has the potential to speed progress, while providing mechanism to bypass traditional challenges such as inadequate infrastructure and bureaucracy. into the world of artificial intelligence as they use a four-quadrant approach to discuss their initial perceptions and opinions. - Dr. Emre Erturk. Of elderly care substantially this end, the American astrophysicist, we are an. 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